Political philosophy and aristotle essay

Aristotle forms of government

Causes of revolution: Aristotle described that there are two categories of causes of revolution that include general and particular. In the case of a revolution, where the citizenship and constitution change, a city's identity changes, and so it cannot be held responsible for its actions before the revolution. Among his writings of a popular nature, on the polity of the Athenians is the interesting text. Their metaphysical theories are comp Opedius the king Opedius the king Oedipus has been made King of Thebes in gratitude for his freeing the people from the pestilence brought on them by the presence of the riddling Sphinx. Aristotle was inclined to study the nature of the politics and deeply normative in his approach to politics. A revolution may be directed against not the inter system of government, but a particular institution or set of persons in the state. Riesbeck, David J. In order to determine the nature of the state, and how it varies from other communities, Aristotle analyses it into its component parts and studies it in its historical origin.

Constitutional government is a compromise between the two philosophies of freedom and wealth that attempt to unite the freedom of the poor and the wealth of the rich, without giving either principle exclusive predominance.

In other words, this statement is implying that one needs to be willingly optimistic in life in order to obtain virtue throughout life. Aristotle does not and cannot separate practical understanding altogether from theoretical understanding, although practice occupies its own domain. Salkever, Stephen G.

aristotle politics essay

Books upon books have been written about this great play. The term "just," has two meaning. Aristotle conceives the state as natural in two ways.

He assumes that any state will consist of the same basic elements of a Greek city-state: male citizens who administer the state, and then women, slaves, foreigners, and noncitizen labourers who perform the necessary menial tasks to keep the city running.

Besides these, Aristotle gave other reasons, which are psychological as well as political in nature that lead to revolutions.

Aristotle on democracy

Johnson, Curtis N. This is because the true end of the state is the perfection of its members and the degree of devotion to this end is the criterion to judge whether a government is pure or unethical. William Ebenstiein, the "politics lacks the fire and poetic imagery of the Republic, but it is more systematic and analytical and after twenty three hundred years it is still an introductory text book to the entire fields of political science. Their ethics were very typical and traditional of ancient Greece but Aristotle detailed virtue ethics and the path to happiness. The state is a development from the family through the village community, an offshoot of the family. Citizenship is nothing less than the fullest fulfilment of human potential in terms of the 'good life'. Boudouris ed. Aristotle never approved to the enslavement of prisoners of war because victory in the war does not ineludibly mean intellectual superiority of the victor or the mental deficiency of the overpowered. Mulhern, J. Necessary: Slaves are considered indispensable because they provide leisure that was most essential for the welfare of the state. He recounts in the Seventh Letter, which, if genuine, is part of his autobiography, that the spectacle of the politics of his day brought him to the conclusion that only philosophers could be fit to rule. Men differ from each other in their physical and intellectual fitness. These include, the mental state or feelings of those who revolt; the motive, which they desire to fulfil; the immediate source or occasion of revolutionary outburst. Governance by non-philosophers is to be governed by opinions, beliefs and self-interest; in contrast the philosopher ruler will govern with virtue and justice with no hidden agenda.
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Aristotle's Political Virtues Essay