Ethical debate on human cloning

It is rather born of the rational recognition that once we move beyond therapy into efforts at enhancement, we are in uncharted waters without a map, without a compass, and without a clear destination that can tell us whether we are making improvements or the reverse.

Ethics of human cloning pdf

Many who hold this view cite the incidence of deaths and birth defects in cloned animals. Others worry about more remote dangers. As a result, family relations involving cloning would differ from all existing family arrangements, including those formed through adoption or with the aid of IVF. With regard to positive selection for desired traits, some people already engage in the practice of sex selection, another example of conditional acceptance of offspring. Young women are being paid substantial sums to provide eggs that can help single women or couples have children. With cloning, parents acquire the power, and presumably the right, to decide what kind of a child to have. Why, then, is the ad hoc use of the notion of human dignity in the context of reproductive cloning a problem? Almost immediately after Dolly's birth, there were calls to introduce regulatory controls of the technology. Children born of this process stand equally beside their progenitors as fellow human beings, not beneath them as made objects. In light of the risks and other ethical concerns raised by this form of human experimentation, we therefore conclude that cloning-to-produce-children should not be attempted. Toward these ends, they promoted the benefits of cloning: escape from the uncertain lottery of sex, controlled and humanly directed reproduction. Problems of Identity and Individuality Cloning-to-produce-children could create serious problems of identity and individuality. In addition, we often hold a rather narrow view of what constitutes "an experiment. They then take an adult skin cell, extract the DNA, and insert it in the place of the egg's original nucleus.

It's totally crazy. But because of the special nature of cloning-to-produce-children, difficulties may be expected. Admittedly, these matters are necessarily speculative, for empirical evidence is lacking.

ethical issues in animal cloning ppt

We must consider what kind of a society we wish to be, and, in particular, what forms of bringing children into the world we want to encourage and what sorts of relations between the generations we want to preserve.

Those who favor eugenics and genetic enhancement were once far more open regarding their intentions to enable future generations to enjoy more advantageous genotypes. Unfortunately, the counter arguments are rarely reflected in formal policy.

ethical theories on cloning

In addressing this question, we must reach well beyond the rights of individuals and the difficulties or benefits that cloned children or their families might encounter. Most members of our advisory board did not agree.

Human cloning ethical issues essay

In fact, as I have noted elsewhere, cloning laws that are not accompanied by thoughtful policy analysis may have the unintended effect of legitimizes perceptions of genetic determinism. Why, then, is the ad hoc use of the notion of human dignity in the context of reproductive cloning a problem? In each of her monthly cycles, a woman usually produces only one or two mature eggs. Toward these ends, they promoted the benefits of cloning: escape from the uncertain lottery of sex, controlled and humanly directed reproduction. Cloning is a human activity affecting not only those who are cloned or those who are clones, but also the entire society that allows or supports such activity. Neither is it that genes are being manipulated. According to professor Brickman, the point is that we have the ability to manipulate the genome. Rather, we are suggesting that they would, like other human "products," be brought into being in accordance with some pre-selected genetic pattern or design, and therefore in some sense "made to order" by their producers or progenitors. Conference of Catholic Bishops USCCB swiftly issued a statement condemning the research, both on the grounds that embryos were destroyed in the research process and over the concern that the full reproductive cloning of humans is on its way.
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The Ethical Considerations